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To encourage the shift from an oil-powered economy to a sustainable economy, the ___CITY__or__STATE___ (for Rights of Way) and the Missouri Division of Fire Safety)(for Safety) shall regulate solar-powered mobility networks. Commercial networks shall be granted non-exclusive access to Public Ways, unless rejected in writing within 30 days of plan submission, for networks that:

  1. Are constructed with private-fund;
  2. Are privately operated without government subsidies;
  3. Are self-driving cars on grade-separated guide-ways;
  4. Pay 5 percent of the gross transportation revenues to the aggregate rights-of-way holders.
  5. Exceed 5 times the efficiency on existing roads (120 mpg or equivalent energy efficiency);
  6. Exceed safety performance of transportation modes already approved for use; and
  7. Are designed, fabricated, installed, insured, and inspected in compliance with Missouri Division of Fire Safety (ASTM International, F24 standards for Amusement Rides and Devices);
  8. Gather more than 2 megawatt-hours of renewable energy per network mile per typical day.

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Benefits of the 5X5 Standard:

The 5X5 Standard simplifies capital investment by:

  1. Removing political influence as the primary factor in granting use to Public Ways and replacing it with a physical metric of 5 times greater efficiency.
  2. Removing the risks to the taxpayers for funding transportation systems that costs more than the value produced and are Climate Change Root Cause. Using Massachusetts DOT and US DOE data per passenger-mile:
    • Buses cost $1.45 with .7 pounds of CO2.
    • Light Rail cost $.76 with .5 pounds of CO2.
    • Roads/Cars cost $.30 with .6 pounds of CO2.
    • 5X5 Standard would cost less than $.06 and produce no CO2.
  3. Providing a new source of revenues and means of reducing taxpayer costs for road maintenance.
  4. Providing at 10,000 times better safety record:
    • The ASTM International, F24 has an injury-rate of 0.9 injuries per million people.
    • DOT regulations have an injury-rate of 11,200
  5. Providing known regulatory costs and delays. This know cost in dollars and time facilitates private risks replacing taxpayer risk in funding ideas. Following is a Letter from Goldman Sachs relative to their willingness to invest $4-6 billion in JPods in Georgia. Goldman has since published an intent to invest $750 billion in the sustainability by 2030.

Federalist #62, Madison: "What prudent merchant will hazard his fortunes in any new branch of commerce when he knows not but that his plans may be rendered unlawful before they can be executed? What farmer or manufacturer will lay himself out for the encouragement given to any particular cultivation or establishment, when he can have no assurance that his preparatory labors and advances will not render him a victim to an inconstant government? In a word, no great improvement or laudable enterprise can go forward which requires the auspices of a steady system of national policy."


Arizona's Constitution

Arizona's Constitution is clear that transportation monopolies are hostile to the needs of a free people:

15. Monopolies and trusts
Section 15. Monopolies and trusts shall never be allowed in this state and no
incorporated company, co-partnership or association of persons in this state shall directly
or indirectly combine or make any contract, with any incorporated company, foreign or
domestic, through their stockholders or the trustees or assigns of such stockholders or
with any co-partnership or association of persons, or, in any manner whatever, to fix the
prices, limit the production, or regulate the transportation of any product or commodity.
The legislature shall enact laws for the enforcement of this section by adequate penalties,
and in the case of incorporated companies, if necessary for that purpose, may, as a
penalty declare a forfeiture of their franchises.

Reducing Confusion over Sovereignty to Solve Traffic Problems

Cities and States are sovereign over roads and highways.

Following is a summary intended to remove the confusion that Cities and States must wait for Federal action to solve the traffic and Climate Change issues in local communities.

As with the century of rotary telephones under an unconstitutional Federal monopoly, we have had a century with the 25 mpg transportation efficiency of the Model-T under an unconstitutional monopoly.

Fortunately, in 1982 courts declared the Federal communications monopoly unconstitutional. Millions of jobs were created innovating better services at lower costs and communications digitized into the Internet.

Cities and States implementing the 5X5 Standard will enforce the Constitution's Preamble, post Roads, Ports, Necessary and Proper, Commerce, and Amendments 9 and 10 to restore liberty to innovate sustainable transportation alternatives to the unconstitutional Federal highway monopoly.

The Boston Tea Party was a demonstration against a government transportation monopoly that triggered a war. To prevent rebuilding that path to war:

  • By a vote of 8 states to 3 on Sept 14, 1787, the Constitutional Convention forbid Federal taxing and spending on highways and canals beyond defending free speech by assuring that if no other means was available post roads to deliver letters could be built.
  • By the We the People in special state ratifying conventions documenting the divided sovereignty of the Federal government over issues of war and states over internal improvements, commerce, and crime. And, the citizens sovereign over all liberties not enumerated as sacrificed to governments in written Constitutions. Federalist #45 summaries this Divided Sovereignty:

"The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State."

City and State governments need only enforce the US and State Constitutions to change economic lifeblood from oil to ingenuity. As the Internet replaced rotary telephones, the Physical Internet® will replace the 25 mpg efficiency of the Model-T.

Capital and Technology are Available

Capital and technology are available to solve urban traffic problems. Here are a number of news articles:

Capital Investments:

Self-driving cars


Self-driving vehicles on grade-separated guideways: